Business Formation –

Balmer Black is happy to announce that we are now offering a self-service, business formation service directly through our firm’s website or  This service offers, Business Formations, Registered Agent Services, and Annual Report filings.

If you are starting a new business, or looking to from an entity for your existing business, then our service can help.  As business owners and entrepreneurs we understand that you are a busy and this service will allow you to streamline forming your business entity and then making sure you remain compliant with a registered agent and filing annual reports service. was created to be user friendly so if you feel comfortable you can create and register your business with our step-by-step system.

Still not comfortable? We get it and that is why is attorney supported and one of our attorneys can guide you though the formation process.

If you have been putting off forming your business now is the time to visit!

New Jersey’s New Car Seat Law – Toughest in the Nation?

Recently, the state of New Jersey has been all over the news for passing a tough, new car seat law and here is a brief overview of what you need to know.


As per the State of New Jersey’s Department of Law & Public Safety, any child under the age of 8 years old and a height of 57 inches shall be secured as follows in the rear seat of a motor vehicle:

  1. A child under the age of 2 years and 30 pounds shall be secured in a rear-facing seat equipped with a 5-point harness.
  2. A child under the age of 4 years and 40 pounds shall be secured as described in (a) until they reach the upper limits of the rear-facing seat, then in a forward-facing child restraint equipped with a 5-point harness.
  3. A child under the age of 8 and a height of 57 inches shall be secured as described in (a) or (b) until they reach the upper limits of the rear-facing or forward facing seat, then in a belt positioning booster seat.
  4. A child over 8 years of age or 57 inches in height must be properly secured by a seat belt.

If there are no rear seats, the child shall be secured as described above in the front seat except that no child shall be secured in a rear-facing seat in the front seat of any vehicle that is equipped with an active passenger-side airbag. The aforementioned is acceptable if the airbag is de-activated. For the full text you can please see: Legislation – P.L. 2015, c.50; available at:

Frequently Asked Questions pertaining to the New Law

My child is 7 years old and is 58 inches tall. Is he required to ride in a booster seat?

  • Although he is only 7 years old, he is over 57 inches tall and requires only a properly fitted seat belt.


My daughter is 8 years old but only weighs 76 pounds. Does she need a booster seat?

  • Once a child is 8 years of age, s/he no longer needs to ride in a booster seat, but s/he must be secured in a properly adjusted seat belt.

*Note: While the children described above are exempt from the child restraint law, the seat belt may not fit them properly. The lap belt should lay across the child’s upper thigh (the pant’s pocket area) and across the chest and collar bone (so that it’s not cutting into the neck).


How can I determine if my child will be properly protected by the vehicle’s seat belt?

  • Use the seat belt fit test on all children under 13 years of age to be sure they are big enough to safely use the adult seat belt without a booster seat.
  • Have the child sit all the way back on the vehicle seat. Check to see if the knees bend naturally at the seat edge. If they do, continue the test. If they do not – the child should continue to ride in a booster seat.
  • Buckle the lap and shoulder belt. Be sure the lap belt lies across the upper legs (the pant’s pocket area). If it lays across the upper thighs, move on to the next step. If it does not, the child should continue to ride in a booster seat.
  • Be sure the shoulder belt lies on the shoulder or collarbone (and is not cutting into the neck). If it lies on the shoulder, move to the next step. If it is on the face or neck, the child should continue to ride in a booster seat. DO NOT place the shoulder belt under the arm or behind the child’s back!
  • Be sure that your child can maintain the correct seating position for as long as you are in the car. If your child begins to slouch or shift position so the safety belt contacts the face, neck, or abdomen, the child should continue to ride a booster seat until all the steps can be met.


The above information is from the State of New Jersey’s Department of Law & Public Safety website:

Karan Bhugra, Esq. has joined our firm!

Balmer Black, P.C. is happy to announce that Karan Bhugra, Esq. has joined our firm.

Mr. Bhugra’s practice focuses on immigration law and personal injury litigation.  Mr. Bhugra also has experience in various other areas of the law including; civil litigation, criminal defense, landlord/tenant, real-estate law, and claims arising under the violation of the FCPA.

Prior to joining Balmer Black, P.C., Mr. Bhugra was an associate attorney at a very fast-paced and high-volume personal injury law firm located in Hudson County, New Jersey.  Mr. Bhugra completed his undergraduate studies at Rutgers University and received his JD from Western Michigan University Cooley Law School in Lansing, Michigan where he served on the Student Bar Association Board as the Director of Budget and Finance and was also an member of the Moot Court Executive Board.

Currently, Mr. Bhugra is a member for the Hudson County Bar Association and an active participant in his community by serving with the South Asian Bar Association of New Jersey and the Asian Pacific American Lawyers Association.

For more information about Mr. Bhugra please visit:

Monica Grace Lee, Esq. has joined Balmer Black, PC!

Balmer Black, P.C. is happy to announce that Monica Grace Lee, Esq. has joined our firm.

Ms. Lee’s practice focuses on implementation of compliance procedures, international tax, and tax planning in the context of estate planning, real estate, and general business planning.

Prior to joining the firm, Ms. Lee ran her own practice and has experience with the FCM of Bank of China International and Morgan Stanley.

Ms. Lee is a graduate of Phillips Exeter Academy and University of St. Andrews, Scotland.  She attended New York Law School where she received her J.D. and her LLM in Taxation.

For more information about Ms. Lee please visit:

A Filtered NYC Public Transit – By: Ashley Hill

Initial Ruling:

Judge John Koeltl previously ruled that a pro-Israel advocacy group was granted permission to post public advertisement on New York City buses. The phrase “Hamas Killing Jews” was the group’s key phrase that has since caused much uproar. Defending his decision he stated that the ad was previously seen in both San Francisco and Chicago public transit back in 2013 with no harm done. Koeltl expressed that taking away individuals’ freedom of speech and expression would not squash future violent attacks. The Judge stayed the effect for a month so it can be appealed.

Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s Decision:

The lawsuit itself was filed last year by the American Freedom Defense Initiative after the MTA decided to only post three out of four of the group’s ads. The fourth and final one was thought to have too violent of a connotation — “Killing Jews is Worship that draws us close to Allah.” In the ad itself a picture of a covered face with the words, “Hamas MTV” was followed by, “That’s his Jihad. What’s yours?”

After the MTA held a recent board meeting which yielded a 9-2 vote, the decision was made to ban all political advertising that’s expressed on public transit in the city. Although this type of advertising brings in money for the city, it only accounts for less than $1 million out of an annual $138 million revenue. Other populated cities such as Los Angeles, Chicago, and Philadelphia have underwent changes to prevent such advertising from appearing on subways and buses. The authority claims, however, that in the end it will still allow commercial advertising, government messages, and various public service announcements.

Public’s Reactions:

As expected, the decision has brought about many conflicting viewpoints. While many of the board members have voted in favor of restricting these advertisements there are still several others that see the issue in a different light. Some say that the general public should not suffer, that it is unlawful to take away their rights to freedom of speech and expression. Others declare that this ruling was made narrow-mindedly. Thomas F. Prendergast, the authority’s chairman, argued that the first and foremost concern of the MTA is to ultimately maintain a safe and functioning transportation system.